Cisco ACI (Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure)

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Cisco ACI (Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure)


Nowadays, we are facing an unprecedented growth in mobile and Internet traffic because of social media on-demand videos and other online applications. This is putting a heavy burden on the data centers of telecom operators to provide fast and consistent voice plus data experience for the subscribers. Additionally, today there’s a paradigm shift happening in the mobile technology from 4G to 5g which is promising to bring high quality of service and faster speeds not only for mobile subscribers but also for vertical markets like IOT. Also, with the 5G technology mobile operators are increasingly thinking of a data center architecture which is distributed towards the edge is career grid ready and provides the agility needed to operate large networks.


Cisco’s application centric infrastructure (Cisco ACI) is ideally suited for the distributed 5g architecture. ACI is 5G ready which fundamentally brings the capabilities of centralized provisioning and policy management built-in security with a whitelist for hardware-based encryption, telemetry an intelligent dashboard and an assurance engine that continuously verifies and validates the entire data center network. One of the key challenges with a distributed 5G data center is managing a data center fabric spread across many sites and ensuring communication between sites is working optimally.


With Cisco’s ACI remote lift, capability operators can extend a pair of switches to a remote site and managing them from the same controller managing that central and regional data center fabric. Another benefit of this approach is the ability to deploy with zero touch provisioning and reducing deployment time by 75%. Another aspect of the 5G stack is that the workloads and services require complex traffic steering to provide user traffic optimization. ACI simplifies the provisioning and operations of this with ACI service graph features, both physical and virtual network functions are now integrated in the fabric deployments or seamless service chaining. Now GI LAN services can be and orchestrated within the data center or distributed across data center domains. Cisco ACI is also carrier-grade ready providing features like GTP based hashing or integrated load balancing and high availability with convergence time tested in milliseconds.


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ACI in the 5G data center enables multi-site automation providing 75% reduction in time to deploy switching capacity for 5G workloads. Also, it brings reliability and simplification with set up complex traffic operations and ensure traffic is flowing optimally even as workloads and services are added or removed. Cisco ACI provides single point of management with visibility into events workload placements and health of all data center fabric functions.


Cisco ACI Building Blocks

Cisco ACI and architectural solutions are built with the following building blocks:

  • Cisco Application Policy Infrastructure Controller (APIC)
  • Cisco Nexus 9000 Series spine and leaf switches for Cisco ACI


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Cisco Application Centric Network Policies (Cisco APIC)

Cisco APIC is the creation, repository, and enforcement point for Cisco ACI application policies, which you can set based on application-specific network requirements.  Cisco APIC also provides policy authority and resolution mechanisms. Cisco ACI policies define connectivity, security, and networking requirements for agile and scalable application deployments.

Cisco APIC Features:

  • The ability to build and enforce application centric network policies
  • An open framework through northbound and southbound APIs
  • Integration of third-party Layer 4 through 7 services, virtualization, and management
  • Intelligent telemetry and visibility for applications and tenants
  • The ability to provide security for multitenant environments at scale
  • A common policy platform for physical, virtual, and cloud networking
  • Object-oriented RESTful API framework with XML and JSON binding
  • supports a modernized, user-extensible command-line interface (CLI) and GUI
  • supports tenant and application-aware programmability, automation, and system access
  • supports integration with OpenStack interfaces to provide Cisco ACI policy consistency across physical, virtual, and cloud environments
  • Supports Centralized analytics and visibility of network health as it relates to applications and tenants
  • Exists in both virtual and appliance form


APIC GUI Interface

The APIC GUI is a browser-based graphical interface for configuring and monitoring the ACI fabric. The GUI is organized to provide hierarchical navigation to all components, logical and physical, of the overall system.

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Cisco ACI Deployment Models

Cisco ACI consists of the following architectural solutions:

  • Cisco ACI Multi-Pod
  • Cisco ACI Multi-Site Orchestrator
  • Cisco Cloud ACI
    • Cloud ACI extended to AWS and Microsoft Azure
    • Cloud First, Cloud Only
    • Cisco Cloud APIC
    • Cisco Cloud Service Router (CSR) 1000V
  • Virtual ACI or Cisco ACI Virtual Pod (vPod)
    • Cisco ACI Virtual Edge (AVE)
  • Cisco ACI Physical Remote Leaf
  • Cisco ACI Mini Fabric
  • ACI SD-WAN integration


Cisco Network Insights

Cisco Network Insights – Resources (NIR) is an extension of the administrator’s brain to prevent failure in the network or focus attention on remedial steps to recover faster when failures do occur. NIR highlights unexpected occurrences in the network and helps network administrators with capacity planning, compliancy with audits, and keeping track of infrastructure uptime.

Cisco Network Insights Advisor (NIA) provides proactive advisories for software and hardware recommendations, field notices, visibility into known defects, etc., keeping the network up to date, minimizing outages through proactive defect and security advisories, and allowing significant OpEx savings.


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Cisco ACI License

With Cisco ACI Advantage and Essential subscriptions for data center networking the following features would be available:

  • ACI Networking Essentials License: Recommended for single data centers. Includes both NX-OS and ACI management and operations capabilities offering flexibility to migrate as needed providing:
    • ACI Base
    • Streaming Telemetry
    • ACI Multi-pod
    • PTP
    • LAN Enterprise (NX-OS mode)
    • Network Services (NX-OS mode)
    • Streaming Telemetry (NX-OS mode)


  • ACI Networking Advantage License: Recommended for multiple data centers and/or clouds. Includes all the features in Data Center Networking Essentials plus following advanced capabilities:
    • Multi-site Orchestrator
    • Physical Remote Leaf
    • VPN Fabric (NX-OS mode)


  • ACI Networking Premier License: Recommended for multiple data centers and/or clouds, and provides the highest innovations. Includes all Data Center Networking Advantage features plus following features:
    • Nexus Insights
    • Network Assurance Engine






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